With the objective of imparting technical skills to aspiring candidates, the Government of India introduced the Craftsmen Training Scheme during the 1950s. Under this scheme, a series of government-owned Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and privately-managed Industrial Training Centers (ITCs) were started across Indian states.
The ITIs are managed by the Directorate General Employment and Training (DGET), working under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) of the Government of India.
Both ITIs and ITCs are recognized as post-secondary schools. And the technical training centers offer a range of engineering and non-engineering trade programs to aspirants who are interested in gaining technical know-how.
Vocational Trade Programs: A Brief
A range of trade courses are available and the applicants can apply as per their eligibility and preferences. They can choose among trades such as Photographer, Book Binder, Marine Filter, Hospital Waste Management, Fitter, Electrician, Front Office Assistant, Plumber, Data Entry Operator, Painter, Moulder, Network Technician, Machine Tool, Cutting & Sewing, among others.
Over 130 trade courses can be availed. And the training period of the trade programs is between 6 months up to 2 years. Following the training, the students have to give the All India Trade Test (AITT). Then, upon clearing the AITT, they are given National Trade Certificates (NTCs). With the certificates, they become eligible to apply for jobs in the stipulated trades.
Vocational Trade Courses: Eligibility Criteria
The ITIs and ITCs invite applications from candidates having different educational backgrounds. After passing their 8th, 10th, or 12th standard exams, they are eligible to apply for the trade courses, subject to the eligibility norms of the varied ones. Moreover, the candidates should satisfy the age norms; they should be between the ages of 14-40 years to apply, depending on the trade courses they are applying to.
Vocational Trade Courses: Admission Procedure
The ITIs and ITCs accept the applications of eligible candidates for their vocational trade courses. The centers are guided by the instructions of the National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) for admitting students.
For some trade programs, the authorities select candidates on the basis of the candidates’ marks in qualifying exams. However, in some cases, a state-level entrance exam is conducted to screen candidates.
During the months of February and August every year, the ITI courses are scheduled to start.
Vocational Trade Courses: How to Apply?
The ITI examiners accept online applications for the vocational trade courses. The candidates have to submit their applications via the official website of the specific state. The first step is to read the given guidelines and, then, start the application process.
To apply, they have to download the Online Application Form and proceed by filling in the different fields. Additionally, they should exercise the given choices in trade courses.
Moreover, they are required to upload the requisite documents and tender the Application Fee. Thereafter, they should select the ‘Submit’ tab for submission of their applications.
Subsequently, the system shows the ‘Confirmation Page’ and the applicants must maintain a print copy for their records.
Vocational Trade Programs: Career Prospects
Apprenticeship Training Scheme
After successfully completing the trade programs, the tradesmen have the choice of applying for the 1-year apprenticeship training programs in various sectors.
Only the applicants who have cleared the AITT are eligible to apply for the Apprenticeship training scheme. However, fresher candidates can apply for Apprenticeship programs too; their training period lasts for 3 years. A stipend is paid to the trainees every month for the training period.
Lateral Admission in the Polytechnics
The option of lateral entry to the 2nd year diploma courses at the Polytechnic institutes is available to students who have completed a minimum of 2-year ITI or ITC courses. The Polytechnics are recognized by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE).
The AICTE conducts 3-year engineering courses. The candidates who want to apply for these engineering programs have to apply for the entrance exams, depending on the state from which they are applying. The Uttar Pradesh state holds the JEECUP; and the West Bengal state, the JEXPO; and Chandigarh, the CG PPT. Besides, the VOCLET entrance test is convened to admit students in the Polytechnic institutions. The candidates are conferred with diplomas after they complete the engineering courses.